Cancer Prevention Tips And Techniques For Everyone

Posted By: admin | Posted on: 01 October, 2017 16:15 pm

Cancer Prevention Tips:

Cancer prevention tips in the first place, point to the necessary steps we need to take in our everyday lives to minimize the likelihood of developing cancer. According to the American Cancer Society estimation, more than 1.68 million new cancer cases will be diagnosed in the United States in 2016 and there will be 595,690 cancer deaths. In addition, American Association of Cancer Research has reported that more than half of these cancer deaths are attributable to a preventable cause. Obviously, these are tobacco smoking, overweight, UV-radiation exposure, missing vaccination against certain pathogenic infections, not showing up for cancer screening at the appropriate age or for high-risk individuals, the right time, lack of good diet and physical activities.

Risk Factors of Cancer Include-Exposure to toxic substance, unhealthy eating, over weight, smoking
Risk Factors That Cause Cancer

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Cancer causes physical and emotional distress on patients and their families. There is financial burden involved because of the high costs of caring for the disease. Thus prevention strategies have become the key approach in minimizing the toll cancer has on individuals and their families.

20 Cancer prevention tips

Be health conscious:

Schedule an appointment for your annual health exam. Have your screening tests at the appropriate age. Additionally, keep abreast with self-examinations and report any uncertainties or symptoms to your doctor. Also, update your doctor on your family medical history and have an early screen if you are evaluated as high risk for any type of cancer. In case if any indications of precancerous cells are detected, follow guidelines for successful treatment.

Don’t ignore reddish, sore or swollen breasts and nipple changes:

Some women who developed breast cancer said they observed red or purplish discoloration on the skin of the breast, a dimpling area of the breast, breast got swollen, inverted nipple or nipple that looks like it was turned inside out was noticed. Watch out for such signs when you perform self-examination of your breasts and report immediately to your doctor if you should ever make any of these observations.

Abstain from sex or have safe sex if you are single:

Having more oral and regular sexual partners (especially without using condoms) can increase your risk of contracting human papillomavirus (HPV), which can cause cervical, vaginal, throat, penile, and anal cancers. Obviously, the most favorable preventive measure for tweens and young adults is abstinence. However, if there is the edge to have sex, it is recommend that all tweens (both males and females) at age of 11-12 years, as well as, women up to age 26 and men up to age 21 should have HPV vaccine.

Have vaccinations against HPV and Hepatitis B viral infections:

There has been a decline in HPV infection when taken vaccination
Vaccine For Cancer Prevention

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It is important to have vaccinations against viruses that can cause cancer once you get infected by them. Firstly, HPV is a sexually transmit virus that causes cervical cancer and it is recommend that tweens and young adults should have the vaccination. According to 2013 study report in the Cancer Journal, since HPV vaccine was recommended in 2006, there has been a 56% decline in HPV infections with girls of age 14-19 years in the USA, even with the considerably low rate of HPV vaccination.

Secondly, Hepatitis B is a virus transmitted through physical contact, such as kissing and having sex and it can increase the risk of developing liver cancer. Therefore, Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended for adults who are at high risk of developing liver cancer.

Avoid sharing needles:

If a drug user is infected with HIV, Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C and you share needles with that person, chances are that you will get infected and consequently this will increase your risk of having liver cancer.

Don’t smoke or use tobacco:

After all, smoking tobacco subjects you to high lung cancer risk and other types of cancers.

Manage your weight:

Regular Exercise and eating healthy food helps manage weight
Manage Your Weight By Exercising and Eating healthy Food

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Be as lean as possible but don’t be underweight. Check your weight on the scale regularly. Take measurements of your waist to give you an idea about your abdominal fat. It is recommend that men’s waist should not be over 37 inches and women’s waist not over 31.5 inches. However, if you are obese, losing around 5-10 pounds always have marked positive impact on your health. So don’t give up. Keep trying.

Have physical activities regularly:

Exercise for at least 30 minutes every day. Take a walk. Ride a bike, treadmill, run, swim, do sports like playing basketball, tennis ball soccer. Carry weights. Do some household chores such as gardening, laundry and vacuum cleaning. To sum up, exercise helps with weight control, improving hormone balance and immune system function, thereby, reducing cancer risks.

Have Healthy diet:

Cut down on red meats (beef, pork, lamb) recipes. Avoid processed meats. Have chicken, seafood, or legumes (beans). Eat Fish, especially salmon, which contains a high percentage of omega-3 fatty acids with an anti-inflammatory property, and thus, likely to fight against cancer. Take variety of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. When it comes to fruits and vegetables, always go for a variety of colors (like greens of spinach, blues of blueberries, red of strawberries, whites of onions and garlic).

Eat healthy nuts such as pistachios, cashews, walnuts, pecans, Brazil nuts, almonds, and peanuts. Nuts are a rich source of plant proteins but don’t overeat them because they are also fattening.

Drink milk and eat low-fat yogurt:

Participants in a Nurses’ Health Study who consumed more than 700 mg of calcium per day had up to a 45% reduced risk of colon cancer than those who consumed 500 mg or less per day.

Take Aspirin:

Aspirin helps in preventing diseases, such as cardiovascular disease (heart attacks and strokes) colorectal, prostate and ovarian cancers. Taking low doses of aspirin daily protect against these diseases. You will need approval from your doctor in order to be on low-dose aspirin, as this will not be good for individuals with stomach bleeding conditions.

Watch your sodium intake:

Limit intake of salty foods and sodium processed foods. As a matter of fact, your daily salt intake should not exceed 2,400 milligrams.  Supplement salt with herbs and spices so your daily intake will be low. Processed foods account for most of the salt intake so don’t eat much of them.

Only use dietary supplements when necessary:

Except for vitamin D, it has not been proven that dietary supplements protect against cancer. Vitamin D helps with calcium and phosphorus utilization by the body to make strong bones and teeth. Also, Vitamin D has been shown to reduce the incidence of all cancers by about 77%, including breast cancer in women.

Certain individuals have to be on dietary supplements for other medical reasons. For example, if you have had a thyroid surgery, you might need calcium and vitamin D supplements on regular basis as replacement therapy.

Avoid sugary drinks:

Sugary drinks don’t directly cause cancer but they are high in calories and drinking too much of them contribute to obesity (overweight) and diabetes with subsequent increased risk of developing endometrial cancer. Water is a healthy drink so drink water instead.

Limit alcoholic drinks intake:

If you are going to drink alcohol at all, do so occasionally. Although it has been suggest that little glass of wine each day may be good for your heart, it is advisable to weigh the heart benefits and increased risk of breast cancer from alcohol use.

Protect your skin:

Skin Cancer Prevention tips: Drink lots of water, apply sun screen, avoid going out in peek hours
Protect Yourself From Sun

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Staying in the sun exposes us to UV radiation which causes skin cancer. You can prevent the risk of getting skin cancer by staying in the shade when you are outside on a sunny day, use sunscreen (SP15-20), wear hats and sunglasses, don’t sun tan or sunbed and don’t use sunlamps.

Keep your bedroom dark:

Light inhibits normal melatonin production in the brain. Melatonin is a chemical that regulates our sleep-wake cycles. When this happens, it triggers high levels of estrogen which can cause estrogen-Induced cancers, in particular, breast cancer. This is why it is important to turn the lights off at bedtime.

Avoid dry cleaners:

Certain chemicals used by dry cleaners called perc (perchloroethylene) is a cancer-causing agent (carcinogen) and can cause cancer of the kidney and liver through constant exposure or inhalation so it is best to avoid dry cleaning at all.

Take precautions of environmental pollution:

According to World Health Organization (WHO) report water, air, and soil pollutions account for approximately 1-4% of cancers. Moreover, exposure to carcinogens in the environment occurs through drinking water or indoor and outdoor air pollution. Hence, use water filters and air purifiers on regular basis.

Take precautions of occupational carcinogens:

Approximately 2% to 8% of all cancers are thought to be due to occupation. More than 40 substances in the work environment are carcinogenic to humans and have been link to cancer of the lung, nasopharyngeal (nose and pharynx), larynx, bladder, leukemia and skin cancers. For example, asbestos is a well-known carcinogen which causes a rare form of lung outer lining cancer called mesothelioma. 

What is cancer?

Cancer cells start anywhere in the body including the brain, lung, breast, colon and even blood
Dividing Cancer Cells And Spread From One Location To Other

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Cancer develops when cells in a specific location in the body begin to grow out of control, overtake and perturb the normal cells. Cancer can start anywhere in the body, including the brain, lungs, breast, cervix, prostate and the colon, even in the blood cells. Certain types of cancer grow slowly and localize in specific areas of the body so they can be treat successfully.

Some cancers however, grow and spread fast to other organs by traveling through the blood or the lymphatic system (vessels through which fluid travel from the tissues into the blood and return) and are much more difficult to treat. This is the reason why screening (having a cancer test even if there are no symptoms) and other ways of prevention are necessary. If the cancer is detected when it has already advanced (this is when cancer develops into the tumor and possibly invades other organs and tissues), it is very difficult to treat and it can even kill. For this reason, often 2 or more combined treatment strategies are utilized to get the best results.

What are the causes of cancer?

Several factors contribute to the development of cancer. This includes genetic, environmental, our health conditions, and lifestyle habits. You will find below cancer prevention tips on factors that contribute to the causes of cancer:

Family history and genetic predisposition:

Approximately 5-10% of cancers are triggered by genetic mutations in cells of the body which are inheritable. If an individual inherits the variant gene he/she is likely to be at higher risk of developing particular cancer.

Smoking tobacco:

Tobacco use causes cancer development in lung, throat, mouth, liver, kidney
Smoking Tobacco

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Generally speaking, this is number one cause of death due to cancer in the USA. Tobacco use causes cancer development of the lung, throat, esophagus, larynx, mouth, liver, kidney, bladder, cervix, pancreas, stomach, colon, and rectum, as well as, acute myeloid leukemia (blood and bone marrow cancer characterized by immature white blood cells). Additionally, smoking causes inflammation due to the injury of the vessels and also perturbs with the function of the immune system, making smokers become more sensitive to respiratory infections such as bronchitis and influenza.

Poor diet

Our eating habits become poor when we a) eat more red and processed meat and very little or no fruits and vegetables, b) are big carbohydrate eaters and drink too much sugary fluids c) are over eating, having too large dinner plates loaded with carbohydrates, red meat and very little or no vegetables and fruits.

Being over weight and having poor diet can cause the development of cancer disease
Obesity and Poor Diet Can Cause Cancer

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Overweight (obesity)

The link between new cancer cases and obesity is 1 in 10. Obesity may cause cancer through secretion of high levels of growth factors (insulin-like growth factor or IGF and tumor growth factors) and hormones (cell chemical messengers which help processes go on properly) such as leptin (promotes cell growth) and estrogen (help with function of female reproductive system), thereby, causing different types of cancer. For example, breast cancer is associated with high estrogen production by the tumor cells. To summarize the types of cancers associated with obesity are colorectal and pancreatic malignancies.

Lack of physical activities

Most studies have indicated that physically active individuals have a lower risk of developing colon, breast, lung and prostate cancers in varying degrees than if they were inactive. However, lack of exercise causes weight gain, perturb with hormone balance and immune system function which are all cancer risk factors.

Cancer-causing agents (carcinogens):

Exposure to certain chemicals causes cancer development
Cancer Causing Agents – Carcinogens

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Exposure to certain agents such as synthetic chemicals, nicotine in the cigarette and cemented carbide can cause DNA damage or cells to divide at rates much faster than normal and lead to the development of cancer. Estrogen used in postmenopausal therapy can also cause cancer and so it is consider a carcinogen.

Viral infections

Certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) exist that can cause HPV-related cancers, such as cervical, anal, vulvar and vaginal cancers. To enumerate, HPV is passed on through sexual contact. Likewise, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections which can occur upon person-to-person contact can cause liver cancer. Further, Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections cause AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome). Although HIV infection is not a direct cause of cancer, it can increase individual’s risk of getting several types of cancers such as lung, liver, mouth, skin, anal and white blood cells cancer called Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

UV-radiation exposure from the sun

Most skin cancers (examples: melanoma and basal cell carcinoma) occur as a result of overexposure to direct ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun. Skin cancer has also been linked to exposure to some artificial sources of UV-rays such as sunbed, sunlamp, tanning bed and mercury lamps.

Excessive alcohol drinking

The use of alcohol over prolong period has been linked to an increased risk of liver cancer, as a result of liver damage and inflammation. Additionally, frequent alcohol drinking is associated with an increased risk of developing breast cancer.

Medical procedures and drugs

Certain types of tests that utilize ionizing radiations such as radon, x-rays, gamma rays, and other forms of high-energy radiation and treatments have the possibility of increasing an individual’s risk of developing cancer. Thus for procedures such as chest x-rays, computed tomography (CT) scans, positron emission tomography (PET) scans, or radiation therapy, there is the need to weigh in on risks and benefits. Additionally, certain drugs such as “wonder drugs” doctors use as the first line of defense against heart attack, stroke, inflammation, as well as cholesterol lowering drugs (fibrates and statins), are capable of causing cancer.

How are the risks of getting cancer reduced?

Taking cancer awareness seriously

Medical research suggests that only 5-10% of cancers are due to genes we inherit in our families. This means that non-genetic causes account for at least 90%, and in many instances, the non-genetic causes can interact with genetic factors to enhance cancer development. Thus our lifestyle choices, such as whether we choose to smoke tobacco or not, foods we eat, and whether we have physical activities or none, whether we examine ourselves and have regular check-ups and screen or not, will determine our risks of developing cancer. Therefore, it has become very critical to adopt healthy lifestyles that will avoid or minimize cancer risks, cancer recurrences (return of treated cancer) and improvement on cancer treatment outcomes.

The roles of medical and scientific researchers

As a matter of fact, medical and scientific researchers play important roles in our well-being by studying genetic and environmental factors that interact to cause cancer. Additionally, they research new ways of detecting and identifying precancerous conditions, such as developing 3D mammogram technique to detect calcium deposits (calcification) in a breast area which might ultimately develop cancer and determination of high PSA (prostate-specific antigen) levels in the blood by ELISA (type of test used to detect substances in the blood), as an indication of developing prostate cancer. Furthermore, they work on developing medications that prevent (chemoprevention) cancer or medications used to treat precancerous conditions.

What are the ways of preventing cancer? Here are some cancer prevention tips

  • Screening methods are used to detect precancerous conditions very early and then medications or biopsies can be used to treat these conditions to prevent further development into cancer. Screening means using specific methods to check organs or cells in the body for cancer before symptoms begin to show up. Lifestyle and dietary changes are also important strategies for cancer prevention. To sum up, the table below summarizes different methods utilized to prevent cancer:

CT-Scan

Moreover, heavy smokers are screened for lung cancer by a type of x-ray imaging called CT scan.Observation Test-Men are screened for skin cancer by looking for irregular-edged moles and unusual spots on their skins during health exams. On the whole, Aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been shown through research to have a chemopreventive effect. Maintain healthy weight– all in all, this can be achieved through healthy diet and exercise. Overweight (obesity) increases the risk of developing cancer, in particular, breast, uterine, prostate and colorectal cancers.

Hepatitis B Vaccination-This is recommended because hepatitis B virus causes liver disease which can ultimately enable cancer to develop. On the whole, this immunization is for all ages.

HIV Vaccinations– Individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have increased the risk of developing cancer, in particular, cervical and liver cancers. Presently, preventive HIV vaccine” or “prophylactic vaccine is recommended for high-risk individuals.Have physical activities regularly-Regular physical activities help with hormone balance, strengthen the immune system, aid in food digestion and allow us to have a good diet  without weight gain, thus, indirectly, protect against cancer.

 Prevention Strategy

Types of Cancer

Prevention Plans

Health Exam and Screening

Breast (40 years and over)
Mammogram exam-x-ray of the breast to look for any abnormalities.
Breast (high risk)
BRCA genes (BRCA1 and BRCA2) Testing-Genetic test to detect variants that can cause breast or ovarian cancer.
Cervical, uterine
PAP test– Doctor performs a pelvic examination to obtain PAP smear from cervix area for a laboratory test to detect abnormal cells.
Ovarian (high risk)
BRCA genes (BRCA1 and BRCA2) Testing-Genetic test to detect variants that can cause breast or ovarian cancer.
Colorectal
Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT)-A test to detect blood in the feces.
Prostate (50 years and over).
PSA test-Blood test for men to detect high levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA).
Lungs (high risk)
Skin
Cancer Prevention Pharmaceuticals

(CPP)-The goal is to treat cancer risk factors before cancer develops.

Colorectal precancers (FAP)
Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) is an inherited disorder that can ultimately cause colorectal cancer.

Polyamine synthesis inhibitor– CPP-1X is used for treatment.

Colorectal, prostate, ovarian
Colorectal precancers
Use of COX-2 inhibitors-Cyclooxygenase (COX), a key enzyme in the making of a group of cyclic fatty acid compounds that help with biochemical processes in the body. They are called prostanoids which play a role in colorectal cancer development. Inhibitors have been design to perturb COX-2 function.
Breast precancers
Evista (raloxifene)-Shown to reduce the risk of invasive breast cancer in post-menopausal women.

Nolvadex– Has been file by a company called Zeneca for breast cancer prevention.

Cancer Vaccinations
Cervical, Vaginal, Anal
HPV Vaccination-This is recommended for females at the age 11-26 years, and males at age 11-21 years. In either case, this protects against cervical, vaginal and anal cancers. Ladies still have to do their annual PAP screenings.
Liver
All cancers
Lifestyle Changes
Lung
No smoking or tobacco use-According to the American Lung Association, tobacco smoking causes 80% and 90% of lung cancer deaths in women and men, respectively.
Skin
Protect skin from UV-Exposure-Don’t spend long periods in the sun. Further don’t use sunbed or sun tan. In brief, these practices will expose you to UV-rays, which cause cancer to develop. In fact, use sunscreen if you should go in the sun for brief periods in the Summer season.
All cancers
Have healthy diet-Protects against cancer development. Limit red meat and sodium (salt) intake. Eat less carbohydrate and fat. Have more lean white meat, fish, and beans. Eat more vegetables and fruits. However, eat some nuts.
All cancers
Don’t drink alcohol heavily-According to the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR), alcohol is a carcinogen. Prolonged period of alcohol abuse subject individuals, in particular, to high-risk liver, oral, throat and breast and colorectal cancers.
All cancers
All cancers

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