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Full Blood Test
For a human body, blood is the most important element that keeps the organs running for life long. Every drop of the blood is essential. In other words, blood is truly a window to health of the body. Professional athletes and health conscious people regularly conduct a full blood test to monitor the condition of the fluid and check the glucose and hormone levels of their body. A doctor would recommend certain medication and dietary plan if they find any infection in the blood screening test.
What is a Blood Test?
In simpler words, a blood test is an analysis done at a laboratory performed on a blood sample extracted from the arm of a person. The blood panels include complete blood count or metabolic panel. The test is generally done when the individual faces any health issues which relatives stays for longer time.
For an aging adult, it is highly essential to have a complete blood test done annually to prevent life-threatening disease. By having the test results in your hand, you can catch critical changes happening in the body and work towards it. Moreover, it also empowers you to undergo the prevention program that could improve your health.
Undergoing full blood test carries its own benefits and can go beyond disease prevention. For instance, by monitoring the level of sex hormones, you can consider taking steps to enhance the quality of life by correcting erectile dysfunction, abdominal obesity and others. Similarly, there are other benefits too which one can only learn once undergone the test.
Different Types of Blood Cells
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Our blood consists of different cells which are made in the bone marrow by blood stem cells. These cells are of 3 different types:
- Red Cells: These cells help the blood turn red. One single drop of blood carries approx five million red cells. So whenever we meet with an accident, extra care is taken to stop the flow of blood from our body. Our blood requires a constant supply of red blood cells to replace the old cells. These red cells contain Hemoglobin, which is essential for blood.
- White Cells: There are different types white cells in the blood, which includes eosinophils, monocytes, lymphocytes and basophils. The main role of these cells is to protect our blood and body against infection.
- Platelets: These cells are tiny and helps in blood clotting in case of a cut in the skin.
- Plasma: This liquid part of the blood makes up to 60% of the blood volume. Made from water which we consume. Plasma contains different proteins and chemicals like- Hormones, Enzymes, Glucose, Fat Particles and Salts.
Reasons to undergo Blood Test
When you feel low or are under the attack of viral fever, the first thing your doctor advises you to undergo a complete blood test. The result provides a complete picture whether you are under any disease attack or any other health issue. However, whether you’re under health examination or are completely OK, having a complete blood test once or twice a year is recommended.
Moreover, when you’re being admitted after attacked by a disease or if the body isn’t responding to the medication, the doctor will ask for a full blood test to check your health condition.
Why healthy people should have regular blood tests:
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Preventing yourself against the Disease:
We humans doesn’t want to suffer from the pain of disease and discomfort which it brings along. So before any disease attacks us, it is important to have a routine blood test to see how our lifestyle, diet and supplements are impacting our health. If the test result is negative, you can take necessary steps to overcome the problem.
Get Complete Assessment of Health:
Our diet that contains fast foods, hectic lifestyle and polluted air around impacts our body miserably. Obesity, heart disease and other health issues start coming into the picture. You can find if your cholesterol level is high or have blood sugar issues by having a complete blood test.
To Maintain Necessary Health Balance:
With occasional blood testing, you get know the level of protein, minerals and nutrients in the body. These nutrients play a major role in the development of your body. Deficiency in any of the nutrients in our body will certainly lead to health issues. If the test presents deficiency in any of the nutrients, then the doctor would recommend required dietary plan that would help in gaining nutrients.
Difference in the Biochemistry:
Every person carries different biochemistry and needs specific nutrition for better health. There are different factors to be considered for the better food intake, lifestyle and habits. Moreover, there is a requirement of guidance on improving the health condition.
To Adapt the Body Changes:
Even though you’ve a healthy lifestyle, there is a change in the body structure. So, it is important to know the progress happening in the internals of your body. Whether the organ and blood are in good condition or bad, having a routine blood checkup is essential, especially if you’ve crossed 50 years. After having the complete blood test, one can find the changes that take place in the body.
Different types of tests:
Complete Blood Count:
The complete blood test or count helps to know the disease preventive measures. This is a low cost test where the physician gets overall health snapshot. It also helps you to know the broad range of diagnostic information about the condition of vascular, liver, kidney and blood cell status. Also, it measures the percentage and quality of platelets in our blood. Thus, this makes it important during screening for infections and other hematological abnormalities.
This test is done to know the glucose status in the blood. Moreover, the Hemoglobin A1C measures the blood sugar in the blood over the past few months and also predicts the risk of heart disease. For an individual, it is essential to keep a tab on the Hemoglobin count because low count can create the risk of cardiovascular disease and other health issues. If your body has a lower Hemoglobin count, then the nutritional therapies would help in optimizing the level with the right diet and lifestyle.
Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA for Men only):
The Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) is a protein which a prostate gland in men produces. After the blood test report, if the physician finds elevated levels of PSA, then it may lead to an enlarged prostate, prostate inflammation and prostate cancer. Moreover, if the PSA level of young kid is over 2.5 ml, then it can be a cause of concern.
If the body has high homocysteine levels, it can lead to the risk of heart attack, bone fracture and poor cognitive function. Moreover, elevated percentage of homocysteine levels can also lead to other disorders. So doctors generally recommend patients to undergo Homocysteine test to check the level.
It is a sensitive marker of inflammation emerged as a predictor of coronary heart disease. By undergoing sensitive cardiac CRP test physicians can measure the level of C-Reactive protein in the blood. This could lead to anti-inflammatory therapy and other dietary options. A person in old age facing elevated C-reactive protein would face the risk of coronary heart disease.
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone:
The Thyroid Stimulating Hormone is secreted by the pituitary gland and controls the secretion of thyroid hormone. If the blood level falls beyond the certain level, then it is the indication of hyperthyroidism. This is also the indication of thyroid imbalance and absence of the slow progress of the thyroid function. The test provides a complete picture of the thyroid condition as per the age of the person.
There are many more types of blood tests which depends on the health condition of the person and requirement during the situation. Having a consultation with a professional doctor and physician regarding full blood test is very essential and could help in getting the best advice for positive results.
Blood Screening Test:
There are times when hospitals require donated blood that can be injected into the patient in need. In many cases, the patient may run out of blood that could lead to health complications. During this situation, doctors look out for screened blood donated by other patients.
However, before infusing the blood into the patient, it is important to have a proper blood screening test. This is done to ensure, if the blood contains an eligible cell count, free from contagious virus and matches with the blood group.
The laboratory testing of the donated blood before the transfusion is done to ensure that the recipient receives the safest blood. Moreover, to test if infectious disease cells like hepatitis C Virus, Zika virus, HIV and other disease aren’t present in the blood.
The process of Blood Screening:
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There are methods for maximizing safety, including donor selection criteria, donors’ medical history, laboratory testing and modification of the blood. Every blood sample and components have to be tested and labelled according to identification done through the screening process. Every screened sample should have a proper validation system, resulting to the correct donor.
Lab staff has to adhere to the national screening strategy and standardized procedure for conducting blood screening test. The objective of the screening is to mark every result according to their importance and to avoid the release of infected blood for the clinical use. Every strategy is designed for ensuring the safety of the unit collected and screened.
As per WHO, every blood donation must be screened for evidence before the release for clinical purpose. Screening every donated blood is mandatory for HIV, Hepatitis B and other disease.
Blood Screening and Diagnostic Testing:
There is hardly any difference between the two, except the reason for testing. Blood screening test involves single testing for resultant action. Diagnostic testing, on the other hand, involves additional screening to make sure to find the diagnosis and early infection. Usually, the diagnostic samples are high risk in which the blood is taken from the patient and shouldn’t be mixed with screened bloods.
Blood Screening during Emergency:
In some emergency cases, doctors need blood for the patient, but are not readily available in the inventory. During such situation, blood screening test with single-use assays is obtained enabling the blood to release. However, in these circumstances the blood has to be retested using an effective assay in order to check the validity of the test.
Storage of Donated Blood:
An important thing to consider is the storage of the donated and tested blood. Archiving of the blood should be done under suitable resources and sufficient space. The lab and the hospital should have required infrastructure to store the screened and tested blood of different groups.
Blood Test Cost
The cost of complete blood test depends on the type of test. You can check online to compare the price stated by different labs and hospitals in respective cities.
There are medical service providers using the service of which you can get proper advice over the blood test and other services. ChooseDoctor is one such service that can help in getting the best result of blood screening and testing in the respective city. Upto 35% discount over every service and no advance payment can really help in getting the best medical care service. ChooseDoctor provide you the services in substantially lower price in best medical care service provider.
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