How much does MRI scan cost in Mumbai?
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What is the MRI procedure?
MRI procedure / technique makes use of the fact that the human body consist largely of water (75%), which is present in the cells, joints, and flowing fluids. Water molecules have weak positive (protons) and negative (electrons) charges. The weak protons are sensitive to the magnetic field. During MRI the scanner magnetic field aligns with the protons of the cells of the organs or soft tissues.
Subsequently, the radio frequency waves are turned on, which knock out the protons from alignment. When the radio waves are turned off again, the protons go back to realign with the magnetic field, which in turn emit radio signals, detected by radio detectors to create cross-section images of organs and tissues of your body, using 3D computer software.
MRI scans are done either plain or with a contrast. The doctor or lab (radiologist) decides if contrast is required or not. Screening may be done along with scan of different parts of the body. Screening is not done with out the scan of a body part, so screening costs cannot be taken as the cost of a MRI scan alone.
MRI serves as an important diagnostic tool, as it makes use of the fact that the proton signals produced by healthy cells are different from those produced by abnormal tissues, thus any aberrance in tissues, organs bones and joints can be assessed.
Nowadays, some scan centres also provide facility of online booking.
Procedure For MRI (Image Credits: shutterstock.com)
How does an MRI scan test differ from PET or CT scan?
MRI, PET, and CT scan tests are all diagnostic imaging techniques used for detecting any disease in the body, but they work differently; MRI utilizes magnetic field and radio waves which line-up with particles of the cells of the body to produce detailed images of the structures and organs;
On the other hand, PET (Positron Emission Tomography) scan involves injection of the person undergoing the test with a radio-tracer that has very small radioactive sugar component; as the cells uptake and metabolize the tracer, radioactive energy is emit which is detect and use to create images on a 3D computer.
Thus PET scan reveals whether the tissues or organs of the body are functioning properly or not; CT scan uses small doses of ionizing radiation called x-rays to obtain images inside of your body as the scanner rotates and reveals any abnormality in the organ or tissue structures.
What are different kinds of MRI?
The diffrent types of MRI are:-
- Open MRI: For patients who may feel uncomfortable in enclosed spaces, this is a very convenient option. Open MRI has wider bore diameter or is open on the sides. But the MRI image is less clear.
- 1.5 or 3 Tesla MRI: This type of closed MRI uses magnetic field that have double the strength of a traditional MRI machine. Thus produces more clear and detail images. Commonly useful to identify the signs of strokes, tumours in the brain. Also examines heart and circulatory systems for any damage.
How do I prepare for a MRI scan?
The Day your doctor ordered the MRI test, I should prepare for MRI scan
- Remind your doctor about any illness you might have and all the medications you are taking, including over-the-counter drugs.
- If you have kidney disease, MRI contrast can cause more damage to the kidneys so remind your doctor about any kidney illness, in case an alternative test will be suggested.
- Remind your doctor about any metal device you are wearing so he/she can plan for an alternative test.
- Ask your doctor if contrast will be need for your MRI scan, since this will require you to fast for 4 hours prior to your scan test.
- Let your doctor know if you are pregnant to allow her to decide whether the MRI scan will be alright for a fetus.
- Let your doctor know if you are claustrophobic, that is, afraid of close spaces, so she can arrange for you to have a medication to make you feel sleepy and calm on the day of your scan.
The Day before the MRI test:
- You will either get a letter in the mail or receive a phone call from a staff of the facility where you scheduled your appointment, telling you how to prepare.
The staff might tell you the following:
- Eat and drink normally if contrast will not be require. But if contrast was order along with your MRI scan, you must NOT eat 4 hours before your scan time. This means that if you are having contrast MRI scan in the morning, you cannot have breakfast. If it is at 4:00 PM, your last meal before the scan should be at mid-day.
- Take your medications like you’ve always had.
- Avoid wearing jewelry, watches, wigs, hairpins, dentures, hearing aids, underwire bra-eyeglasses to the scanning room, as anything that has a metal component will either make the magnetic field so powerful that it could to cause harm to you, ruin the scanner or both.
- Put on easy-to-wear outfits as you will be ask to change into a hospital gown when you get to the facility.
- Arrive at the facility 30 minutes before the scheduled time to do paperwork,including filling out MRI screening form.
You must tell staff the following:
- Any medication you are taking.
- The need to take medication for your claustrophobia, so the relevant preparation can be built. Let him/her know if somebody will accompany you to drive you back home.
- Tell the staff if you have kidney disease, as the use of contrast can make it worse.
The Day of the MRI test:
- MRI scanning without contrast does not require you to fast before the procedure, so you can eat regularly. However, if you are said that the test will be perform with contrast, you have to fast 4 hours prior to the schedule time.
- Take your medications like any regular day, unless special instructions are given to you.
- You will wait in the waiting area for the Radiology Technologist to come and escort you.
- You will be ask to change into a hospital gown and remove any jewelry, including a watch, necklace, and earrings. Remove hairpins you might have in your hair.
- You will be led to the scanning area. If a contrast dye is required, it will be administer to you, either by mouth or you will have intravenous (IV) injection in your arm vein. The contrast will make your MRI images clearer and show better details.
During MRI test:
- The Radiology Technologist will ask you to lie flat on your back on the scanner bed
- You will be slid into the tunnel-shaped scanner, like what you see in the image below: MRI Scanning machine-Scanner Bed
- If you are nervous about enclose spaces (claustrophobia), you may be given a medication to help you feel sleepy and calm.
What is a MRI scan?
What is a MRI scan is clearly define in the article below. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses a large magnet and radio waves to look at organs and structures inside the body. MRI is an advance technology that shows internal organs, blood vessels, muscles, joints, tumours, areas of infection, and more – with unexcell clarity without exposure to radiation. The MRI machine creates a magnetic field, sends radio waves through your body, and then measures the response with a computer.
Why an MRI scan?
MRI can provide very early detection of many conditions, so treatment can be more effective, accurate and rapid. The excellent quality of MRI images can also provide the best possible information if surgery is require. If there is an abnormality, MRI can show exactly where it is, its size and what tissues are involve.
When is MRI study used?
- An MRI of the brain can be done to look for the changes associate with bleeding or when the brain has been starve of oxygen after a stroke.
- MRI can be use to investigate a traumatic brain injury, and also help diagnose developmental abnormalities.
- Within the heart, an MRI scan can give very detailed imaging of the thickness and size of the chamber walls. Damage occurring to the heart tissue after a heart attack or in association with disease of the valve can also be assess.
- Large blood vessels within the surrounding tissue can also be examined with MRI to check for the buildup of plaques.
- MRI can be use to characterize tumours -benign or malignant abnormal growths and check their progress if they have change in size and whether there has been spread to nearby tissues.
- Congenital cardiovascular conditions can more accurately be assess with MRI.
- MRI is very effective at giving clear images of the individual tissues like muscle, bone and ligaments in joint problems.
Is there any radiation in MRI?
MRI uses no radiation. The basic components of MRI are a strong magnetic field and a brief pulse of a radio frequency. There is no known side effects of MRI. Since there is a strong magnetic field however, people with certain devices such as pacemakers, defibrillators, aneurysm clips and certain cochlear implants must NOT enter the MRI room.
MRI contrast is a special medication that is use to improve visualization of certain diseases. If necessary, it is administered through a small IV catheter, which is place in a vein in your arm prior to the procedure. The contrast provides important details about the blood vessels and organs inside the body.
How is an MRI different from a CT?
MRI does not use x-ray radiation. Instead, MRI creates high-quality images through the combination of a strong magnetic field and radio waves. An MRI is prefer over a CT scan for imaging structures such as joints, brain and spinal cord, where clearer and more anatomically detail images are require. The difference between normal and abnormal tissue is often clearer on the MRI scan than on the CT scan. It is also possible to differentiate cystic lesions from malignant tumours, to identify areas of infection and inflammation and for assessment of joint tendon tears.
Why are my previous x-rays, CT and MRI scans need?
They can provide useful additional information for the Radiologist for comparison purposes when they are interpreting your MRI scan. That can help in better diagnosis and treatment plan.
Can metal be worn during the scan?
Since there is an exposure to a powerful magnetic field during MRI scan, it is important not to wear jewellery or any other metal objects.
An MRI scan is not suitable for the patient if they have electrical appliances, such an ear implant, pace maker or have any metal in their body such as surgical clips. But orthopedic metal ware, such as artificial hips, plates or bone screws are not a problem.
What should you convey prior to MRI scan to the doctor?
- If you are pregnant
- Medical history
How to find MRI scan centers near me ?
Click on the links below to get the MRI scan centres at various locations with cost and price comparison option :
- Navi Mumbai
- New Delhi
- Hagen AI, Kvistad KA, Maehle L. Sensitivity of MRI versus conventional screening in the diagnosis of BRCA-associated breast cancer in a national prospective series. The Breast. 2007; 16: 367–374.
- Ah-See M-LW, Makris A, Taylor NJ, et al. Early Changes in Functional Dynamic Magnetic Resonance Imaging Predict for Pathological Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Primary Breast Cancer. Clin Cancer Res 2008;14:6580-6589