Preventive Healthcare

Posted By: admin | Posted on: 17 January, 2017 12:07 pm

Preventive healthcare refers to measures taken to prevent diseases rather than to treat them
Preventive Healthcare

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Advances in medical research have led to increased life spans. However, each year, there are millions of people who die preventable deaths. These include cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease, unintentional injuries, diabetes, and certain infectious diseases.

The World Health Organisation estimated that in 2011, 55 million people died worldwide out of which 2/3rd were due to non-communicable diseases. In 2000, 60% of deaths were attribute to these diseases.

As people grow older, they may get diseases repeatedly or suffer conditions that impact their daily functioning. Preventive healthcare is incredibly important given the worldwide rise in prevalence of diseases and deaths resulting from them.

What is Preventive Healthcare?

Preventive healthcare involves maintaining your body and good health throughout life
Preventive healthcare Leads To Healthy Lifestyle

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Preventive healthcare refers to measures taken to prevent diseases rather than to treat them. A common old adage is prevention is better than cure. Diseases are affect by environmental factors, lifestyles and genetic predispositions.

Preventive healthcare involves maintaining your body and good health throughout life. Often, before the individuals even realize they are affected, diseases have already sunk their claws in.

Preventive medicine is the best method to prevent disease from happening at all (alternately preventive medicine or prophylaxis). The statistics given earlier in the paragraph indicate why this is so important.

Preventive health care must be plan and execute ahead of time, even in the absence of illness. Healthy habits should be built even if sacrifices must be made.

The individual must believe that eating right, getting exercise and avoiding tobacco, alcohol and large amounts of sugar and salt are essential along with getting enough sleep each night.

Healthy habits automatically defend us against most illnesses and provide us with a long, healthy and happy life.

Levels of Precaution

  • Preventive medication takes place at the primal, primary, secondary and tertiary levels.
  • Primal Prevention- Measures taken by parents to secure the child’s physical and affective environment from conception till the child’s 1st birthday.
  • Primary Prevention- Measures including immunization against disease, maintaining a healthy diet and exercise regimen and avoiding smoking.
  • Secondary Prevention- Measures such as cancer screenings and treatment of hypertension.
  • Tertiary Prevention- Surgical procedures to stop the disease from progressing.

Methods of Preventive Healthcare

  • Adults and children should visit their doctor for regular check-ups even if they feel healthy. This is to perform disease screenings, identify risk factors for diseases as well as discuss suggestions and ways for a healthy and well balanced lifestyles. This will also make sure that the patients are up to date with immunisations and boosters. Some common disease screenings include checking for hypertension (high blood pressure), hyperglycemia (high blood sugar, a risk factor for diabetes mellitus), hypercholesterolemia (high blood cholesterol), colon cancer screening, depression, HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia, syphilis and gonorrhea, mammography, colorectal cancer screening, cervical cancer tests and osteoporosis screenings.
  • Preventive healthcare also includes genetic testing that can be perform to screen for the causes of genetic disorders or potential predispositions to breast/ovarian cancer.
  • Under preventive healthcare, smoking and the use of tobacco products should be completely avoid. Alcohol should be consume in moderation, with red wine being the most acceptable form.
  • Preventive healthcare dictates proper, balanced diet is extremely important to get the correct amount of nutrients and calories daily, and most importantly- the right kind of nutrients.
  • Individuals should exercise at least three days a week in a preventive healthcare regime. Aerobic exercise builds up muscles and endurance. Obesity is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, certain cancers, and type 2 diabetes. To prevent obesity, individuals should follow a consistent exercise regimen as well as a nutritious and balanced diet. Otherwise, diabetes can potentially lead to kidney failure, limb amputation etc.

Benefits of Preventive Healthcare

Preventive medication provides direct benefits such as feeling more energetic on a daily basis and thus being able to carry out more activities. Painful and uncomfortable symptoms don’t have to be dealt with. These symptoms can easily disrupt people’s lives, otherwise.
Keeping a healthy lifestyle results in secondary benefits as well, of the monetary kind. Medical care can be extremely expensive and preventing disease in the first place also prevents large dents in an individual’s pocket.

Why choose preventive healthcare?

Preventive healthcare requires investment of small amount
Preventive Healthcare Saves Money

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We all have a choice when it comes to our health: either invest a relatively small amount to stay healthy, or pay a huge amount later to treat the disease that could have been avoid. Choosing the latter over preventive healthcare could ruin a person financially, in the long run. Large medical expenses often demolish a person’s life savings; adding the insult of poverty to the injury of physical and mental pain. We must weigh the relatively inexpensive cost of regular check-ups against the enormous expense of care such as cancer treatment or long-term home visits by a nurse or aide.